Australia's dumped tyres are piling up, new data reveals
Tyre Stewardship Australia (TSA) has released its tyre recovery data for 2022–2023, and things don’t look good.
Australia’s recovery of used car, bus and truck (automotive) tyres is going backwards, having dropped to under 80%, a sharp downward trend since the 2019–2020 peak of 90%.
The remaining 20% might not sound like much, but it equates to 11.3 million car tyres being stockpiled, illegally dumped, landfilled, or hidden in warehouses, on industrial sites, unsuspecting landowners’ properties or even national parks.
Unrecovered used tyres are a particular issue in regional, rural and remote regions, with risks of mosquito-borne diseases, toxic fires and contamination to our built and natural environment.
“It’s the trifecta you don't want; the new data reveals that the economic, social and environmental cost, that our communities are footing the bill for, is only going to get worse,” said TSA CEO Lina Goodman.
The Waste Enforcement Association Australia (WEAA) echoes TSA’s concerns. WEAA has over 300 member organisations tackling illegal dumping and stockpiling of used tyres, and over a third of WEAA members (35%) report dumped or stockpiled tyres as a critical challenge they face.
Managing Director of WEAA Samuel Lawson said: “Public reports of illegally dumped or stockpiled tyres in our local communities is a real concern, monthly reports are up on average 1.5 times and this serious issue doesn’t look like it is going away anytime soon.
“Litter enforcement officers are on the ground as first responders to illegal waste dumping, in every community, every day, and they’ve told us that illegally dumped or stockpiled tyres have become an increasingly challenging issue for their municipalities.
“Not only is the cost to collect and clean up these dumped tyres a financial burden, draining local government funds, but also a social and environmental burden to residents of local communities far and wide across the country.”
A consistent increase in the number of tyre dumping incidents reported to councils using the Snap Send Solve app reaffirms this trend. And it appears it is not just individuals but businesses that may be responsible for the dumped tyres, with over 80% of illegal dumping reports on Snap Send Solve involving 10 tyres or more.
Australian government may regulate
In Australia, while councils, rate payers and unsuspecting landowners bear the burden of the clean-up costs and the environmental and social impacts of dumped and stockpiled tyres, the power to fix this is in the hands of federal and state government.
Federal and state environment ministers met last week and agreed to a framework to better accelerate product stewardship, including tyres. The Environment Ministers’ Meeting Communique also puts the industry on notice that current voluntary schemes are “not open-ended and where industry does not respond sufficiently government will regulate…”
Goodman commended the environment ministers for keeping waste tyres firmly in their sights for regulation: “It’s not just about the cost, but about lost opportunities. Tyres that have been dumped and stockpiled typically end up in landfill, resulting in a lost opportunity for tyre recyclers to turn them into new products, which is a lost opportunity for Australia to stimulate commerce and business, and create new jobs.”
This is a problem not isolated to Australia; the cost of dumped tyres is well documented, as are the solutions.
Progressive countries that have dealt with this problem have one thing in common — a regulated ‘all-in, all-tyre’ product stewardship scheme.
The current voluntary or ‘opt-in’ arrangements for the national tyre product stewardship scheme prevent industry from discharging its duty to manage used tyres and enable it to pass responsibility on to local councils and communities.
Globally, ‘all-in’ tyre schemes regulating all tyre types (including automotive, mining, agriculture and other off-the-road tyres) have reduced incidents of illegal dumping, stockpiling and the rogue operators that profit from this problem.
“We’ve learnt that regulated ‘all-in’ schemes around the world succeed in driving a circular economy for tyres,” Goodman said. “The ‘opt-in’ and ‘opt-out’ approach of Australia’s current tyre voluntary scheme has only been able to go so far, and it’s not far enough.
“An ‘all-in’ scheme means no tyre is left by the wayside, which is good news for local government and rate payers, especially regional and remote Australians, who are disproportionately impacted when it comes to dealing with dumped and stockpiled used tyres in their communities,” Goodman said.
“And the story gets even better for regional and remote communities where an ‘all-in’ scheme would see the recovery of around 130,000 tonnes of mining, agriculture and other used off-the-road tyres being buried in pit or stockpiled each year; creating the opportunity for local economic growth, increased manufacturing, and ultimately regional jobs,” Goodman said.
“If we think we have done enough, we need to think again.”
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