Turning waste into gold
Millions of tonnes of unwanted waste spewed out by Australia's power stations, mineral processing plants and municipalities can be re-used to create fertility, health, wealth, beauty and abundance.
Professor Richard Haynes of CRC CARE and the University of Queensland (UQ) will tell the CleanUp 09 conference in Adelaide today of striking progress in developing new uses for substances which have become a real headache for society to dispose of.
“A major thrust of our work is to transform industrial and municipal wastes that nobody wants into an environmentally friendly opportunity to make viable and marketable products,” he says.
“For example, Australia currently produces 13 million tonnes of fly-ash from coal-fired power generation and a similar quantity of red mud from bauxite processing, along with millions of tonnes of biosolids from urban sewage treatment and green waste from parks, people's gardens, food and factory effluent.
“By combining these resources in creative ways we can produce new products to boost fertility, overcome soil deficiencies, absorb toxic contaminants and beautify our urban landscapes,” Haynes explains. “These include garden mulches, organic soil amendments, garden compost, potting media and specially manufactured soils.”
Research at CRC CARE has included co-composting green waste with inorganic substances such as coal fly-ash and organic resources such as grease-trap waste, poultry manure and biosolids.
“Because urban green waste usually contains a lot of shredded wood and bark it doesn't break down all that easily. However, by adding readily decomposable material, this raises the temperature and produces a much better compost.
“By adding 20% fly-ash to green waste we can greatly increase its water-holding capacity, producing a topsoil replacement that is highly suitable for use in urban settings where people want to save water.”
Haynes' team have also investigated a wide range of inorganic wastes such as steel slag, blast furnace slag, coal fly and bottom ash, red mud, water treatment sludge as well as organic sources such as tree bark, sugar mill mud, spent brewery yeast and prawn processing waste.
“We have shown some of the more promising materials can be used to immobilise heavy metals in a metal-contaminated soil. This means we can use industrial wastes to prevent the toxic contamination caused by other forms of waste disposal.
“Both sugar cane and rice have a high requirement for silicon in the soil to grow properly - and we have found that slags, red mud, [and] fly-ash can all provide this important nutrient to crops at low cost.
“Likewise wastewater from dairy and meat processing plants can be used to supply nitrogen and phosphorus to farming soils if applied in the correct amounts.”
By such methods, Prof Haynes says, some of society's worst waste problems can be turned into assets, helping to provide food, fertility and healthier landscapes while saving water and preventing pollution.
The CleanUp 09 conference is being hosted by the CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment at the Hilton Hotel, Adelaide from 28-30 September.
For more information contact:
- Professor Dick Haynes, CRC CARE and UQ, 0448 501 352
- Peter Martin, CRC CARE communication, 0429 779 228
- Conference: 08 8217 2000 and ask for CleanUp 09
A full copy of the conference program can be obtained from www.cleanupconference.com/program.htm.
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